Tuesday, October 9, 2007

Differences between societies

"Free Western Societies"

What are they?
The largest western society is the United States of America. Great Britain and many European countries are western societies. New Zealand and Australia are western societies.

What is their political structure?
Western societies are democracies. This means that people over a certain age – usually 18 – can vote and elect a government that will make decisions on their behalf. If people are not happy with the government after 4 years they can vote for a new government in an election.

Why do western societies view themselves as free societies?
People in westerns societies have certain freedoms. They are free to:
- Criticise governments through; protesting, writing letters to newspaper editors, setting up their own political parties.
- Practise different religions and be critical of their own religions. People in western societies can also express the wish not to believe in God (atheism).
- Divorce and remarry, or live with partners without marrying. People of the same sex can live in partnerships.
Women in western societies are free to:
- Divorce and remarry, or live with partners without remarrying.
- Have abortions.
- Hold powerful positions in society.
- See themselves as equal to men.
- Wear any style of clothing.

Negatives about Western Societies:
- Babies (foetuses) die; ageing populations; gender imbalances eg China; low birth rates
- More STIs
- Getting arrested
- Women will take all the men’s jobs
- Religious hatred
- Exposure of bodies (male and female) eg painted bodies, “boobs on bikes”, limited amount of clothing
- Riots are more likely to happen because people can protest
- easy access to pornography, child porn
- adultery occurs
- divorce occurs and breaks the family up
- child abuse

Strict Islamic Societies

Why could some Islamic people think that Western societies are good?
- the punishments are less abusive and do not impose on human rights
- people can gain justice
- people are innocent until proven guilty
- western societies have a lot of freedoms eg the wearing of clothes.

Generalisations about Strict Islamic societies:
Most people in strict Islamic societies speaking about inequality get punished.

911 - Learning Outcomes

The learning out comes for this part of the unit are:

- Identify the causes of Militant Islamic Terrorism (Including Israel)
- Identify reasons why the twin towers was the target
- Explore the reactions to 911 of the American Public
- Explore the consequences of 911 (Afghanistan, London Bombings, NZ terrorism act)
- Identify the new world order
- Compare and contrast the new world order to the old world order.

The Berlin Wall

Please see the wikispace for notes about this.


Please see the wikispace for notes about this.

Monday, October 1, 2007

History Never Repeats

The new topic is.....

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Women's Suffrage

Learning Outcomes

- Explain the factors which caused women to believe that they had the right to the vote
- Describe the actions to achieve this
- Identify the impact on societies of female suffrage

Changing nature of work
- Examine the changing nature of work for women
- Explore the positive and negative consequences of the changing nature of women’s work for individuals and society.

Suffrage, Franchise, Vote, Campaign, Opposition, Bill or Act of Parliament, Birth Rate, Maternity Leave, Temperance Movement

Berlin Wall

Learning Outcomes
- Explain the differences between “communist” society and capitalist society
- Identify the factors that lead to the building of the Berlin Wall
- Compare and contrast life under the shadow of the Berlin Wall
- Identify the causes of the fall of the Berlin Wall
- Describe life in the Post
-Communist Era and the new world order

Communist, Capitalist, Iron Curtain, World Order, East vs West


Learning Outcomes
- Identify the causes of Militant Islamic Terrorism (Including Israel)
- Identify reasons why the twin towers was the target
- Explore the reactions to 911 of the American Public
- Explore the consequences of 911 (Afghanistan, London Bombings, NZ terrorism act)
- Identify the new world order
- Compare and contrast the new world order to the old world order.

Militant, Islamic, Terrorism, War on Terror

Tuesday, June 26, 2007

Maori cheifs that signed and did sign...

Te Rauparaha
Te Rauparaha conquered many other tribes before 1840. In signing the Treaty he thought he was guaranteeing his ownership of the lands that he had conquered.

However, Te Rauparaha was not happy about European settlement on land that he had not sold. In 1843, he protested against Pakeha settlement by interfering with town planners at which fighting broke out. Te Rauparaha stayed defensive, and the British governor decided that Te Rauparaha could not be trusted. Te Rauparaha was imprisoned without charge.

Taraia Ngakuti Te Tumuhuia
Taraia did not sign the Treaty of Waitangi. It is likely he was present in Waitangi, but he refused to sign the Treaty. A consequence of this refusal to acknowledge the transfer of sovereignty to the Crown and therefore still believed that he could resolve disputes and arguments by force.

After 1840, he continued his disputes with rival tribes and refused to accept British authority, pointing out that he had not accepted the terms of the Treaty and therefore did not have to follow the laws of the British. He was opposed to selling lands and many disputes over land were to arise during the 1850s.

Tamati Waka Nene
Nene was one of the supporters in the debate at Waitangi over the Treaty, and he was among the first to sign. He argued that a treaty was necessary for peace and stability, given the lawless Pakeha who were already there. He felt that the situation in New Zealand had already passed out of the control of the Māori chiefs. During the debate he said that Māori should retain their customs and be allowed to keep their lands. His speech was a turning point in convincing other chiefs to also sign the Treaty.

Nene shared the concerns of other chiefs after signing the Treaty. However, he was not concerned about land loss. Nene helped to re-erect the flagpole that Hone Heke had chopped down, and guard the new one. When Hone Heke’s people chopped the flagpole down again, Nene took this very personally and ended up supporting the British to get back at Hone Heke.

Source: http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/dnzb/
To use this database you can search by occupation, age, sex etc or by person. To find out more about these cheifs you can serach them by name - their whole biography comes up. Skim read to the important aspects about the signing of the Treaty.

Reasons for NOT signing the Treaty of Waitangi

There were many reasons for Maori to not sign the Treaty of Waitangi. Many Maori chiefs refused to have their mana put under that of a woman (Queen Victoria). Some chiefs were worried that signing the Treaty with the Queen would result in the loss of even more land, and did not trust the missionaries, who were buying a lot of the land. Concerns were also raised over the fact that some Maori had heard about the extermination (killing), of many indigenous (native) people by the British in other countries, in particular the aborigines in Australia. Although over 500 signatures eventually appeared on the Treaty, many Maori did refuse to sign due to a variety of reasons.

Other reasons for why some people did not sign the Treaty of Waitangi:
- Chiefs might have lived in the interior, away from the coast, and the treaty is not brought to him for signing.
- Some were offended as Hobson did not provide them with a big feast to celebrate the signing of the treaty.
- Some wanted to keep full control over their affairs